人物介紹 Survivors and the Dead王楠 Wang Nan
1970.4.3 - 1989.6.4
High school student, fatally shot dead at the south exit of Nanchang Street on the west side of Tiananmen Square at the age of 19.
八九民運期間事跡介紹 Deeds during the 1989 Democracy Movement
Wang Nan was very concerned about the student movement and took photos at Tiananmen Square around noon every day. He felt that if no one recorded the precious historical moment through photographs, it would be hard to know the truth.
On May 17th, 1989, he and a classmate organized a demonstration for classmates to support the college students on hunger strike.
On the night of June 3rd, 1989, with the wish to “faithfully record the historical footage”, he left home with his camera and red motorcycle helmet and rode straight to Tiananmen Square.
The bullet entered Wang’s upper left forehead and came out through the left ear, leaving a hole at the back of the motorcycle helmet (Exhibit 1).
According to the investigation by Wang Nan's family, after Wang Nan was shot, the rescue team asked to send him to the hospital for emergency treatment. The martial law troops refused and only allowed bandaging on the spot.
Wang Nan's relatives and friends searched 24 hospitals but could not find his body. On June 14th, the school informed the family that there was an unknown corpse that resembled Wang Nan. The family investigation later revealed that the martial law troops obliterated the traces of crimes they committed by burying Wang Nan and two other bodies in the lawn in front of the 28 Middle School (later Chang'an Middle School and then Beijing 161 Middle School) on the west side of Tiananmen. Due to the odor from the bodies, the school intervened. The bodies were excavated. As Wang Nan had just finished his military training, his body was mistaken for a soldier’s due to the clothes he wore and was sent to the mortuary of Huguosi Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital for storage, where his family eventually found his body.
In Deng Xiaoping’s speech on June 9th, the student movement was labelled as “counter-revolutionary riot”. The crematorium received an order that the deceased had to be screened before cremation. Wang Nan’s family negotiated persistently. Eventually, as Wang’s father Wang Fandi (died of heart failure on December 8th, 2017) was a member of the Jiusan Society, the cremation was finally approved by the Beijing United Front Work Department through the municipal committee. The cause of death on the cremation certificate was “died outside”, as the government tried to cover up the truth. (Exhibit 3)
Wang Nan in the eyes of his mother, Zhang Xianling
He was lively, enthusiastic, and passionate about public welfare and helping others. Shortly before his death, Teacher Ma of Yuetan Middle School told me that Wang Nan’s character was one of the best in his class. He respected teachers and cared for his classmates. He was a honest and lovely child.
——母親張先玲 Zhang Xianling, mother
1. 頭盔 Helmet
留有子彈孔的頭盔。Helmet with bullet holes.
2. 破碎眼鏡 Broken glasses
The glasses with the left lens smashed that he wore when killed.
3. 火化證明 Cremation certificate
Issued by Xicheng Branch of Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau on June 20th, 1989.
Cause of death: “died outside”.
4. 死亡報告單 Death report
Issued by Beijing Municipal Health Bureau and Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau on June 26th, 1989. It notes “gunshot died outside” but leaves the spaces for cause and location of death blank.
5. 橫額 Banner
Wang Nan and his classmates took this banner with the words, “People Support You”, to Tiananmen Square to show their support for university students.
6. 抗議布條 Protest cloth strips
Protest strips with words such as “People! Backing!” and “Legal System, Democracy”.
- 下載內容 PDF
- 引言 Introduction
- 遊行集會 Marches and Rallies
- 民主雕像 The Democracy Statue
- 「六四」重演 June 4 Repeats
- 民運領袖 The Democracy Movement Leaders
- 家屬苦撐 Family Members' Struggle
- 傳媒寒冬 Media Under Assault
- 人心不死 People Do Not Forget
- 時間軸 Timeline
- 人物 Survivors and the Dead
- 「六四」屠殺死難者遇難地點 Locations of Deaths in the June 4 Massacre
- 文物展示 Museum Collections
- 燭光集會統計 Statistics of June 4 Candlelight Vigils
- 支聯會會徽介紹 About HK Alliance’s logo
- 民運詩歌 Poems